A symbol of the country’s rich past and thriving present, Delhi is a city where ancient and modern blend seamlessly together. It is a place that not only touches your pulse but even fastens it to a frenetic speed. Home to millions of dreams, the city takes on unprecedented responsibilities of realizing dreams bringing people closer and inspiring their thoughts.
Just a century ago, the British moved the seat of their empire from Kolkata to Delhi. And it has been the Capital of India ever since. Now a thriving, cosmopolitan metro, the city has much to celebrate as it has already reached the milestone of completing 100 years as a Capital. With a history that goes back many centuries, Delhi showcases an ancient culture and a rapidly modernising country. Dotted with monuments there is much to discover here. The seat of many powerful empires in the past, its long history can be traced in its many carefully-preserved monuments, ancient forts and tombs.
All this is combined with the best features of a modern city such as a metro system, bustling markets and fabulous eating places. The past and the present meld seamlessly together, making centuries-old monuments a part of the city’s daily life. Delhi is very much a history’s child. The story of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata, when the town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. Over the centuries, eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad. Many empires rose to the heights of their power and were destroyed here. Among the prominent dynasties which made Delhi their capital were the Tughlaqs, the Khiljis and the Mughals.
Even today, one can have a fascinating glimpse into the past in Old Delhi, with its labyrinth of narrow lanes, old havelis, and colourful bazaars. Rickshaws wind their way through this crowded, bustling capital of the Mughals, where life continues, much as it did hundreds of years ago. It is home to three World Heritage monuments—Qutub Minar, Red Fort and Humayun’s Tomb that have survived many centuries, and give an idea of architectural wonders created by emperors in the past. Central Delhi, with its tree-lined avenues, imposing structures and buildings such as the Rashtrapati Bhavan, Parliament House and India Gate, reflect Delhi’s colonial past. A number of museums provide a glimpse into the country’s fascinating history.
But the modern Delhi has a lot more to offer. Delhi has a modern, well-planned and extensive Metro network that connects all corners of Delhi; this network is still growing. New roadways and flyovershave improved connectivity, the latest of which is the Signature Bridge, an ambitious project of Delhi Tourism, which is under construction at Wazirabad - it promises to be a landmark.
New malls and entertainment centres jostle for space with a growing number of brand new hospitals, residential complexes, and sporting facilities. Delhi is now a dream destination for those seeking expert medical attention and superior OPD and IPD facilities. Thanks to the advent of the Commonwealth Games, there are world-class stadia like the revamped Nehru Stadium that can be accessed by one and all, throughout the year. All of this has been developed and sustained while maintaining Delhi’s green cover, a unique feature that distinguishes this truly global metropolis from other cities in the world where the tree line is subdued by skyscrapers.
1. Delhi is the Second Most Populated City in the World
The world’s most populated city is Tokyo. As of 2022, the capital of India is home to an incredible 31.1 million people! Source: Macro Trends
2. The City Experiences Frequent Earthquakes
In 2013 alone, New Delhi suffered from 12 earthquakes, with four of magnitudes higher than 2.5 on the richter scale.
3. Delhi and New Delhi are Technically Two Different Places
New Delhi is officially India’s capital, whereas Delhi is the name for the surrounding region, the NCT (National Capital Territory of Delhi), of which New Delhi forms a small part of.
4. Winter Generally Begins in November and Peaks in January
However, summers in New Delhi are long - beginning in April and lasting through to October.
5. Home to the World’s Tallest Brick Structure: The Qutub Minar
This Mughal landmark, which stands at 73 metres tall, is one of the most popular tourist spots in the city.
6. The Delhi Metro System was Voted the 2nd Best in the World
The survey was conducted by Global Metro Bench-making Groups NOVA and CoMET in 2014.
7. The City was Designed by British Architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker
The city was planned in the British colonial style with ancient Indian influences. New Delhi is also known as Lutyens Delhi in honour of his contributions.
8. Among The World’s Top 10 Most Popular Cities with Tourists
As of 2019 Delhi has entered the list of the world’s top 10 most popular cities for tourists, due to its rapid development in the tourism sector in recent years.
9. The Lotus Temple in Delhi is the World’s Only Structure of the Bahai Faith in Asia
This place of worship is a super-popular attraction that is open to all, regardless of religion or background.
10. Five of the Original 14 Gates of the Walled City of Delhi are Still Standing
These include: Lahori Gate - facing Lahore in Pakistan, Delhi Gate - pathway to earlier cities in the state, The Ajmeri Gate - facing Ajmer in Rajasthan, Kashmiri Gate - facing north to Kashmir, and the Turkman Gate - named after the religious Saint Hazrat Shah Turkman.
11. The Entire Public Transport System in Delhi runs on Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
From the auto-rickshaws to the iconic blue-line buses, everything runs on the eco-friendly gas.
12. Indira Gandhi International Airport was Voted 4th Best in the World
Delhi’s main hub, Indira Gandhi International, was once voted the 4th best airport in 2010.
13. New Delhi has an International Museum of Toilets
The museum hosts a rare collection of photos, facts and objects documenting the historic evolution of toilets from 2500BC to the modern era.